BHUMIHAR

In Hindu Religion , BHUMIHAR is a caste mainly have its presence in the states of Bihar, Jharkhand , Uttar Pradesh and in the Bundelkhand area of the Madhya Pradesh . One Story of their origin is that the Parshurama destroyed the Kshatriya many times and he set up in their Place the descendents of Brahmins. Bhumihar Brahmins is known as Karm Kandi Pandit in the sixteenth Century Particularly in North Bihar. In South Bihar their Most Prestigious King (Gopal Sharan) was the Tekari Family in the Eighteenth Century . In our Country So many Bhumihars Scholars have been born like Swami Sahajanand Saraswati , Sir Ganesh Dutt and Siyaram Tiwary the Former Dean of the Vishwa Bharti university Formerly Known as Shanti Niketan .


Bhumihar Brahmins is also known for taking the revenge .As for example when Kshatriya King has stolen the Parashurama’s Father wish-granting Cow, Kamdhenu. That time he has killed thousands of kshatriya army. But in retaliation the King’s Son has killed the Parashurama’s Father. Then, he has decided to destroy the Kshatriya and he has fought battles from the Kshatriya 21 times and destroyed all the Kshatriya . This shows the Power between the kshatriya and Bhumihar Brahmins.


Bhumihar Brahmins also known as Bhumihars (भूमिहार) are an influential Hindu sub-caste who have traditionally resided in fertile regions of Indo-Gangetic plains of North India, in the states of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand. They were referred to as Baabhans (बाभन) too, an apabhramsha word for Brahmin

Ideally, the Bhumihar Brahmins are supposed to perform sixteen major Saṃskāra rites during the course of their lifetime. In the pre-natal stage, Garbhadharana (conception), Pumsavana (rite for consecrating a male child in the womb) and Simantonnayana (rite for parting the hair of a pregnant woman) are performed. During childhood, Jatakarma (birth ceremony), Namakarana (naming ceremony), Nishkarmana (first outing) Annaprasana (first feeding solid food), Choodakarana (first tonsure) and Karnavedha (ear piercing) are performed. During education of the child, Vidhyarambha (starting of education), Upanayanam (thread ceremony- initiation), Vedarambha (starting of the study of the Vedas), Keshanta or Godana (first shaving of the beard) and Samavartanam or Snaana (ending of studentship) are performed. During adulthood, Vivaha (marriage) and Anthyesthi (funeral rites) are the main ceremonies. All the orthodox Bhumihar Brahmins try to adhere to these customs. But, as among all Brahmins throughout the country (the general masses), all Samskaras can no longer be practically performed. Only the most essential ones like Garbhadharana (conception), Jatakarma (birth ceremony), Namakarana (naming ceremony), Annaprasana (first feeding solid food), Choodakarana (first tonsure), Vidhyarambha (starting of education), Upanayanam (thread ceremony- initiation), Vivaha (marriage) and Anthyesthi (funeral rites) are performed.

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Researches on Bhumihars : 1
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Foreigners Views:
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1- Aristotle : In the year 331 B.C. Aristotle visited India and wrote that now *************** the ideas about castes and professions, which have been prevelant from a long time, are gradually dying out, and the Brahmins, neglecting their education………. live by cultivating the land and acquiring the territorial possessions, which is the duty of Kshatriyas.” If things go on in the way, then instead of being(Vidyapati) i.e master of learning, they will become(Bhumipati) i.e master of land.”

2- Fahian: In the year 399 A.D. Fahian came to India and he wrote “The ************* Brahmins having given up asceticism……….. are ruling here and there in the place of Kshatriya and are called Sang he Kang ( land-seizer).”The land-sezier word indicate Bhumihar Brahmins.

3- Dr. Wilson: Dr. Wilson in his book “Indian castes” part II page 134 has
***************** decribed The Mohiyal( synonym of Bhumihar Brahmin) as mentioned below:
Saraswat Brahmins: Another class of the character refers to is that of the Moyals or movals. They are extensively scatterd over the Punjab.
Taga(Tyagi) Brahmins of the Punjab are generally cultivators. They belong to the Gauda division of the Brahmin-hood. They care little about religious rites of any kind….. They are found principally on the banks of the Saraswati, near Thanser, some of the less pure agriculture Brahmin of these villages are called Taga of Gauda Tagas. (Tyagi is the synonym for Bhumihar Brahmin).

3- Mr. Crook: Mr. Crook in his book “The Tribes and castes of UP and **************** Oudh” part II, page 64 has written—-
Bhumihar(Sanskrit Bhumi and Kara(har) ‘maker’): An important tribe and landowners and agriculturists in eastern districts. They are also known as Babhan, Zamindar Brahmin, Grihastha Brahman or Pachchima or “Western Brahmin”.

4- Sir Elliot: According to Sir Elliot’s supplemental glossary, there are five ************** divisions of the Kamkoobj Brahmins. They are Kamkoobj proper, Sunadh, Surwaria, Jijhotia and Bhoinhar.

5- Mr. William Oldham: Mr. William Oldham in his book “NORTH WESTERN **************************** PROVINCES HISTORTICAL AND STATICAL MEMOIR” has categorically mentioned that Bhoinhars, both by themselves and by ethnologists, are belived to be the descendants of Brahmins, who on becoming cultivators and landholders gave up their priestly functions.

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Researches on Bhumihars : 2
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Other Assessments:
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1. Pundit Yogendra Bhattacharya in his book “Hindu castes and sets” writes that Bhumihar Brahmin literally means landholder. The Bhumihar Brahmins are evidently those Bhrahmins who held grants of land for secular services. Whoever held a secular fief was Bhumihar. Where a Brahmin held such a tenure he was called a Bhumihar Brahmin.

2. Bhumihar Brahmins are sometimes simply called as Bhumihars. They perform all their religious ceremonies in the same manner as other Brahmins, but as they also practice secular occupations like the Laukik Brahmans of Southern India, they are not entitled to accept religious gifts or to minister to anyone as priest. The usual surnames/titles of the Bhumihar Brahmins are same as those of other Brahmins of Northern India. Being a fighter by caste few of them have Rajputana surnames/titles.

3. Bhumihar Brahmins are addicted to agriculture, a pursuit considered to be beneath the diginity of pure or orthodox Brahmins.

4. They have accepted and adopted in their cheif families the secular title of Raja, Maharaja and so forth distinctions which high brahmins eschew.

5. The Bhumihar Brahmin only perform one half of the prescribed Brahmanical duties. They give alms, but do not receive them, they offer sacrifices to their idols, but do not perform the duties and offices of the priesthood; they read the scared writings, but do not teach them.

7. Bhumihar Brahmins are addicted to agriculture, a pursuit considered to be beneath the diginity of pure or orthodox Brahmins.